Why does coastal management create controversy?
It is natural that people who live near the coast expect to be protected from erosion and flooding. However, the usual strategies of hard and soft engineering are expensive and, in the face of risng sea-levels, may not be sustainable. Planner now believe that a mixture of engineering strategies and coastal land-use zoning is needed to manage coastlines in the future. These zones will include some urban areas where fuure building will be prevented and other where homes will be rebuilt further inland and coastal retreat will be mamaged. The idea of moving urban areas further inland is now being considered by scientists and some politicians in Australia but many residents of coastal towns, such as Byron Bay in New South Wales, are unhappy.